If you look closely, you’ll notice the pentatonic scale doesn’t contain any semitones (1/2 steps). Remember that all the notes above the tonic in a major scale are perfect or major. Minor Intervals. You will learn what intervals are, how to sing them, and how to find them in music. The degrees are given in numbers or roman numerals (as shown). We have taken an in depth look at many different ways to explore each of these scales. Numbers are often used to designate the degree of the scale in the repeating pattern. The intervals of the major scale that create half steps (4th/7th) are removed from the scale. Even though every major scale contains a different set of notes, each scale is put together exactly the same way. Major: Root – M3 – P5 Minor: Root – m3 – P5. In the steps below, we'll show you how to build one. The simplest Major scale is C Major because it is the only Major scale that doesn't have any sharps or flats. Major and minor chords are built on 1st (root), 3rd, and 5th intervals of their respective scales. The specific major-scale pattern of intervals is what makes them major scales. Major scales follow the interval pattern of WWHWWWH, which means Whole step Whole step Half step […] It applies to any chord. Section 5.2 How to Identify Perfect, Major, and Minor Intervals. Knowing this, we can take the intervals from these scales and map the chords as shown in the diagram below. As just an added bonus to our already strong Lead Guitar Elements section, we are going to conclude this tutorial by looking at the use of intervals in the major and minor scales. The first method involves thinking of the lower note of an interval as the tonic (the first note of the scale). If the lower note is the tonic and the upper note is in the major scale, it will always either be a major or perfect interval. To start with, lets choose the C Major scale, because it's easy. Here’s C major scale with the major intervals marked: Major intervals. The major scale is an important scale. Here are two methods for identifying intervals. This is the case for every major scale, not just C major. This is an important quality of the pentatonic scale and goes a long way toward explaining why the pentatonic scale is so versatile and can sound good over virtually any chord progression. Knowing music theory comes in handy here. It contains a repeating pattern of seven notes at specified intervals of whole and half steps. The course will teach you the major scale and minor pentatonic scale, and how they are constructed. This doesn’t just apply to the major and minor chords. The course explores tonal centers and how to find the key a song is in, in addition to common time signatures such as 4/4 and 3/4. Major Scale Intervals. A Major scale includes 7 notes ordered by specific intervals. 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